The Big Bang, the Big Crunch, Big Rip and the Bible. By Fabian Massa.

Translated from Spanish into English by Google Translate.


In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Gen. 1.1



1. Introduction:

Personally, I understand that verses Gen. 1.1 - 2 are an introduction, starting with the actual creation in Gen. 1.3: Let there be light.
In John 1:1 the Apostle gives Principle Principle of the Word, the Word. Then by 1.3 tells us that all things through Him (Word) were made. In 1.4 says:

4 In him was life, and the life was the light of men. John 1.4 NIV.

I mean, here John identifies Christ with the Light and the Light that God called "Day" as a synonym for "good" as opposed to the dark or the "Dark" or "Evil", the same figure that implies in:

5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. John 1.5 NIV

And the first time that God's Word is loose in Gen. 1.3 and the first thing he says is Be Light. And this is the first light that shone in creation, and all things were made by him.

In Gen. 1.1 with "Heaven" He is referring to the Lord of the Universe Space, as the "Heaven of the Earth" (our atmosphere) are created much later on Day 2.
So, I understand that you have to study the origins of "Heaven" and "Earth" separately, which occurred in different times.


       2. "The Heavens". The Expansion of the Universe.

22 "... He (Lord) stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them like a tent to dwell." Isaiah 40 NIV.

The Universe does not expand in an existing space, but that the universe is expanding itself. In Isaiah 40.22 The Lord says that He is the one who "spreads them out like a tent to dwell." God says that "unfolds" in the present tense, indicating that still continues to spread. And that is exactly what is happening, the universe is still expanding

The discovery of the universe's expansion begins in 1912, with the work of the American astronomer M. Vesto Slipher. [1] While studying the spectra of galaxies observed, except in the closest, the spectral lines are shifted toward the red. [2] It is now proven that the universe is expanding at an accelerated pace.



       3. Possible evolution of the Universe

      a. The sun will be darkened: Our Sun has fuel (H2) for 5,000 m more.

10 For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not give their light: the sun shall be darkened at birth, and the moon shall not give her light. Isaiah 40.10

The fuel that burns the Stars for much of their lives is H2 (hydrogen) and by a process of "Nuclear Fusion" [3] makes it He (Helium)
Each star will come when you run all the available hydrogen and helium left only.
Under these conditions the star will undergo various types of changes: increase in size and transmute accumulated helium into heavier elements like carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, etc., By other nuclear reactions. Until it reaches the Iron (Fe) is the heaviest element that can form in nuclear fission and no longer serves as stellar fuel [4].
When this happens, H2 runs out, the stars of heaven and their constellations will not give their light: the sun shall be darkened at birth, and the moon shall not give her light.

              b. Shrinkage of the Universe, the Big Crunch.

4 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall, as leaves fall from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. Isaiah 34, NIV.

        Hubble's Law: "The recession velocity of galaxies" implies that the original impetus of the Big Bang [5] is slowing. This gave rise to the Big Crunch Theory to explain that easily is the reverse of the Big Bang: The expansion of the universe is becoming slower until it completely stops and then starts to "shrink" to set the starting point: "A massless mathematical point."


              c. Dissolution of the Universe
An open universe will expand forever. In each galaxy, the stellar bodies end up being absorbed by the central black holes or wandering through space. Finally disintegrate as radiation, supermassive black holes while explode. Not stand anything higher than a subatomic particle. This theory is known as the Big Rip hypothesis, "The Big Rip Theory expansion or eternal".
 Let's look at this story from the Daily Nation of Tuesday November 6, 2007 [6]

The fate of the universe is disintegrating
 Alejandro Clocchiatti was one that showed that the cosmos is expanding faster and faster
Between 1995 and 2002, two teams of astronomers around the world were able to intercept the light scream exploding stars located at the edge of the visible universe.
The message of the stars was disturbing: he said that the fate of the universe is disintegrating at infinity. Moreover, measurements of researchers indicated that the cosmos was expanding at a rate increasing driven by a dark force that counteracts gravity and comes from nothing.

For these conclusions, which at that time were unexpected and contradicted the prejudices of the time, the 51 researchers of High Z Supernova Search Team and the Supernova Cosmology Project Team received a few weeks ago in Cambridge 2007 Gruber Prize, worth $ 500,000 and considered the "Nobel" of cosmology. One is the Argentinian Alejandro Clocchiatti.
"Basically, the results of our observations indicate that the universe is expanding faster today than at the time when the solar system was born, and that objects move away to a distance proportional to velociad ie, that the further they are , away faster, "explains Clocchiatti, born in St. Nicholas, a graduate of the University of La Plata, and now living in Santiago, Chile, where he is a professor and researcher at the Catholic University.
"The initial hypothesis was that the momentum of the Big Bang, the initial explosion, had caused the universe to expand, but it would slow down by the gravitational pull of its own mass," explains Clocchiatti.

             4. Expanding universe models [7]

22 "... He (Lord) stretches out the heavens like a curtain, and spreads them like a tent to dwell." Isaiah 40

4 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall, as leaves fall from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. Isaiah 34


Extend the heavens as a curtain, gives a picture of a rectangular volume, flexible. Let us look the following [8]:

The shape of the universe [9] is an informal name for a subject of investigation within physical cosmology. Cosmologists and astronomers describe the geometry of the universe that includes the local geometry, ie the shape of the observable universe and global geometry, which attempts to describe the space - full time.

Graphic: The local geometry of the universe is determined about whether Omega is less than, equal to or greater than 1. From top to bottom: a spherical universe, a hyperbolic universe, and a flat universe.
Local geometries upper graph:



Conclusions:

22 "... He (Lord) stretches out the heavens like a curtain ... Isaiah 40.22, NIV.

The Lord made the universe and is still spreading.

 22 "... them out as a tent to dwell." Isaiah 40.22, NIV.

My personal opinion is that according to the Word of God, the geometry of the universe that best fits is the Parabolic Word (In the graph of p. 4 middle).

4 And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall, as leaves fall from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. Isaiah 34, NIV.


"The Parabolic model can be extended like a curtain and deploy as a tent to dwell. And if necessary, when the Lord decides the end, will roll out the heavens like a book "

35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words shall not pass.
36 But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but my Father only. Matthew 24, NIV.



19 The sun shall be no more thy light by day, nor for brightness shall the moon give light, but the LORD will be your everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. Isaiah 60, RV60.




God tells us not to worry about all these things, because they told us that everything will pass, but His Word will stand firm, because He is sufficient to meet all our needs.


______________________________________________________

[1] [http://www.astromia.com/universo/expansion.htm]

[2] This redshift is due to the Doppler effect. Example: We noticed that when an ambulance with its siren turned on, we seem to be approaching their siren sounds increasingly acute, and when he leaves becomes more serious, when in fact the siren always sounds the same. The same goes for any body type that emits waves or radiation. In the case of a light-emitting object moves away, the get "worse" is a red-shift (colder).
[3] It is the reverse process to that used for the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, which were of Nuclear Fission, or breaking of the atomic nucleus. Fusion is adding atomic nuclei.
[4] http://www.astronomos.cl/conocimientos/general/2/evol/index.htm
[5] Big Bang, which I personally relate it to let the beauty of Gen. 1.3, see T.41
[6] To see the full article, press Ctrl and click the mause.
[7] http://www.lanacion.com.ar/archivo/nota.asp?nota_id=959650&origen=acumulado&acumulado_id =

[8] http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forma_del_universo

[9] http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/End_of_univer

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