+ REVIEW. Tithe or not to tithe, that's the questions. By Fabian Massa.
Tithing is a contentious issue, usually not taught. The way the issue is handled in most churches has nothing to do with how it was done in the OT or how to do it in the NT I have decimated for years, according to what they had taught me (giving 10% of my income).
Then I tithe as he understood according to Deuteronomy 14 (Point 2 B administering the tithe).
This is my position today, after thorough consideration of the issue: Giving trying to do better, not only of my income, but my time and work.
1. Tithing in the Patriarchal PeriodIn the Bible, the first reference to tithing is found in Genesis 1420, when Abraham gave Melchizedek, King of Salem and priest of the Most High, a tenth of all, in token of recognition as Priest of the Most High.
The second reference is found in Genesis 28.10 to 22, when Jacob was on his way from Beersheba to Padam Aram (crossing the Euphrates) to find a wife for himself among the women of the family of Abram. In the desert he had to spend the night and had a dream, which he saw a ladder reaching to heaven, where rising and falling Angeles. In the dream, the Lord is presented and disclosed as the God of his father and grandfather, and promises that will give the entire region an inheritance to their descendants, it will bring Padam Weapon turn this healthy earth and safe. When Jacob awoke, he named that place Bethel (Hebrew bet = House; El = God) put a stone as a memorial and then promised:
"If God is with me and protects me on this journey I am doing, and if I get food and clothes to wear, 21 and if I return safely to my father's house, then the Lord my God. 22 And this stone, which I erected as a pillar will be God's house, and all that God gives me, I will give you a tenth. "NIV Gen. 28.20-22.
No names the subject of tithing between the two passages, but the story can conclude that:
a. In Gen. 14.20 Abram said Melchizedek saw once in his life, namely the tithes given to him only once. Although it may well have offered their tithes through the sacrificial system. In Genesis 22.5 he says that Abram went to worship (sacrifice).
b. For Jacob various situations can be distinguished:
I. Jacob was aware of the practice of tithing, probably because it is a family practice (how the sacrifices of worship).
II. Jacob did not tithe, however receives the promise of the inheritance. Jacob then tithing God promises that "if God makes him the following: protection, food, clothing, and a return to their home safely."
III. He was negotiating! An attitude that seems childish: Wanting to do business with God, yet today there are many who believe that this works well.
2. Tithing in the Old Testament.
A. Important:In the 430 years that Israel was captive in Egypt, he multiplied greatly. When they came into Egypt were seventy people (Genesis 46.27) but when they left Egypt under the leadership of Moses were approximately two million people. In the desert, Moses received the Law and a body of ordinances that regulated the entire life of the people. Why? Because they went from a clan managed by a patriarch to become a nation. Then the regulations to have an order was necessary.
Within this set of laws we have health, food, interaction (right) and sacrifices.
Sacrifice and tithing as practiced before being written law, like many other customs, but the legislation was regulated. This is an important point: The Mosaic Law regulated that all these practices are practiced uniformly throughout society. Genesis until the vision was by clans and patriarchs. After Moses, the vision is Nation, which lasts for the whole period and the judges and ends at National level consolidated during the monarchy.
B. TithingAnd all the tithe of the land, whether grain from the soil or fruit from the trees, is Yahweh; It is holy to Yahweh. Leviticus 27
Israel was a largely agricultural society to city dwellers would be a tenth of your income.
33 He shall not search whether it is good or bad, neither shall he change; and if he change, he and the change that occurred in shall be holy; they can not be rescued.
This means: "It was not a matter of liking or disliking be fulfilled what was written in the Word.
22 truly tithe all the increase of grain that bringeth the field every year. Deuteronomy 14
Unfailingly: No defect, error. Considering the concept of profit, we have: No mistake should separate 10% of its net income (not gross).
23 And you shall eat before Yahweh your God in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of your grain, your wine and your oil, and the firstborn of your herds and your flocks, that you may learn to fear YHVH your God every day.
At that time there was only one temple, and the presence of God was there, so once a year, all headed to the Temple, and they had what we call worship. "And you shall eat before Yahweh your God" is very clear, indicating that they should participate in their own tithe. The year-end meeting was certainly a feast of the whole People of God.
24 And if the way is so long that you can not take it, you being away from the place Yahweh your God chooses to put his name there, when Yahweh your God blesses you,
25 then I will sell and will keep the money in your hand, and go to the place that Yahweh your God chooses
Undoubtedly, the Lord is practical.
26 and you give the money (comprarás) for anything you want, by oxen or sheep, for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatever your heart desires; and you shall eat there before Yahweh your God and rejoice, you and your family.
27 And thou shalt not forsake the Levite that is within thy gates; he has no part nor inheritance with you.
They bought what they wanted to celebrate with the family, in the presence of God, with food and gifts for everyone, and the Levite also participating.
c. Administration of tithing28 At the end of every three years, bring all the tithes of thine increase the same year, and lay it up within thy gates.
29 And the Levite, who has no part nor inheritance with you, and the stranger, the fatherless and the widow who live in your towns and eat and be satisfied; for Yahweh your God may bless thee in all the work they may do your hands.
More to the 3rd year, you shall separate 10% and shall divide between the Levite, and the need of your environment.
Hence 2 points emerge:
Were obliged to give to the needy nearby, the elderly, widows family or relatives.
Engage the Levite
This is confirmed by:
4 But if any widow has children or grandchildren, let them learn first to show piety towards their own family, and to repay their parents; For this is good and acceptable before God. 1 Timothy 5
17 Learn to do good; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. Isaiah 1
If 10% of 3rd year should be given entirely to the Levite and the poor, that is 1 part (year) in 3 parts (years). Careful not forsake not the Levite or the poor in the 1st and the 2nd part.
The account would look like:
33.33% the Levite
+ 33.33% for those in need of environment
+ 33.33% for the year-end party with family, separating the latter third an additional% for the Levite.
12 When you have finished paying all the tithe of thine increase the third year, the year of tithing, give also the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow; and eat within thy gates, and be filled.
13 And you shall say before Yahweh your God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of my house, and I have given it to the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless and the widow, according to all that thou hast commanded me; I have not transgressed thy commandments, neither have I forgotten them.
14 I have not eaten thereof in my mourning, neither have spent it while I was unclean, nor have offered it to the dead; I have obeyed the voice of Yahweh my God, I have done as you have commanded me. Deuteronomy 26
The fact administer the tithe, it means having a discipline in money management, taking care of (14) Do not eat it in mourning, nor have I spent it being unclean, nor have offered it to the dead; but we have to (14) obey the voice of Yahweh my God, I have done according to all that he has commanded us.
7 Howbeit in vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
9 You said well ye reject the commandment of God to keep your own tradition.
10 For Moses said: Honour thy father and thy mother; and, 'He who curses father or mother, let him die the death.
11 But ye say, that says a man's father or mother is Corban (that is to say, a gift to God) everything that could help you,
12 and do not let him do anything for his father or his mother;
13 Making the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things such as that. Mark 7
In this passage, Jesus is trying precisely this issue, the Commandment clearly states to be separated tithing, and the law also says there is looking for the poor, widows, orphans; primarily by those who are family (always begins at home: 1 Timothy 5).
Within the framework of the OT tithe or tithe of what remains or what not "serve" is sin:
6 A son honors his father, and a servant his master. If then I am a father, where is my honor? and if I am a master, where is my fear? says Yahweh of hosts to you, O priests, who despise my name. And you say, 'How have we despised your name?
7 Ye offer polluted bread on my altar. But you say, What have we defiled? In that ye say the table of Yahweh is contemptible.
8 And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, is it not evil? And when you offer the lame and sick, is it not evil? Offer it to your governor; Would he be pleased with you, or you'll accept? says the LORD of hosts.
9 Now therefore pray for the grace of God, have mercy on us. But how can you please him by doing these things? says the LORD of hosts.
10 Who is there among you that would shut the doors shine on my altar gratis? I have no pleasure in you, says the LORD of hosts, neither will I accept an offering at your hand. Malachi 1
7 Since the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept. Return to me, and I will return to you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye say, What shall we return? 8 Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But you say, What have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings. 9 You are cursed with a curse, for you, the whole nation, have robbed me. 10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house; and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open the windows of heaven and pour out for you a blessing until it overflows.
11 I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine in the field, saith the LORD of hosts. Malachi 3
3. Tithing in the New Testament.When Christ instituted the New Covenant, it is abolished the previous (Hebrews 8.13).
Priesthood after the descendants of Aaron, (for blood).
The high priest of the tribe of Levi
Old Covenant under the Act
Priesthood after the order of Melchizedek. The pastors are called by God. (Ephesians 4:11; 1 Corinthians 12.28)
Now the tribe of Judah (praise)
New Covenant by grace.
Many say, "Tithing is still mandatory because it was before the Law" I thought so before studying in depth the issue. It is true that tithing is "before the time of the law." The same applies to the sacrifices:
Cain offered a sacrifice that is not accepted by the Lord, Genesis 4.3. Abel does the same and if it is acceptable to the Lord, Genesis 4.4.
With respect to the tithes, we saw at the beginning of this study that Abram paid tithes to Melchizedek (Genesis 14.20) and Jacob promised to deliver the Lord in Genesis 28.22
Today it is taught that blood sacrifices should no longer be made, because these belong to the Old Covenant, but were instituted before Moses, but decreed by law. But teach maintain tithes, when they also belong to the Old Covenant, although it was instituted before Moses, but decreed by law.
Throughout the New Testament there is not one tithe ordinance. If instead of giving, because the Church should be supported by those who flock to her and funded and supported by the faithful work:
Romans 15:26 For Macedonia and Achaia were pleased to make a contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.
1 Corinthians 16: 1 Concerning the collection for the saints, do ye even so to order in the churches of Galatia. 2: the first day of the week each one of you lay something aside, I have prospered, saving it when That for I come no collections be made.
2 Corinthians 8:20 Let no censorship avoiding us about this generous gift that we administer.
The offering must be:
I. Voluntary 1 Corinthians 16.1-2
II. Generous 2 Corinthians 9.1-5
III. Abundant, 2 Corinthians 9.5-6. Not to be confused with charity.
IV. Joyfully given 2 Corinthians 9.7
4. ConclusionWe are competent Ministers of the New Covenant, so all our teaching must be focused in the NT must understand that the Church is maintained by the offerings of the faithful. If you love God, I love the Church and therefore with the support of the resources that God gave me.
If I love God my offerings should be voluntary, and made abundant joy.
If I love God also ofrendaré time, prayer and work for the saints.
If I love God, study His Word.
If I love God keep His commandments.
Tithes in the OT in the NT Tithe, Offerings,