Men or Angels? About Genesis 6.

Translated from Spanish into English by Google Translate.

Genesis 6 poses one of the most difficult issues for biblical scholars of all time: Who were those men and the enigmatic "Children of God"? [1]

Let's read the text:
June 1 When men began to multiply on the earth and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that they were beautiful, and they married all they wanted.
 3 And the Lord said, "My spirit will not remain active in man forever, because this is nothing more than meat, so it will not live more than one hundred and twenty years."
 4 In those days, and even later, when the sons of God went to the daughters of men and they bore children, there were giants in the earth: these were the famous heroes of antiquity. Gen. 6.1 - 4 BPD [2]
According to Esteban Voth [3] in these verses are still some traces of an epic cycle and long lost, of that literature was lost only basic information: that the "sons of God" took the most beautiful women.

Who would have been "men"?
June 1 When men began to multiply on the earth and daughters were born to them ... Gen. 6.1 ª
This verse speaks of a significant population explosion, which coincides with the view that scientists have about the Neolithic period [4]. Besides this passage is making a difference of at least social with Gen. 6.1B group "Sons of God", the question must be: if some are "sons of God" group of the "sons of men "have been ordinary people? Are we in the presence of two very different social classes or different lineages?
The fact that the Bible makes specific references on the descendants of Cain (Gen. 4), implies that it was well known to the descendants of Seth, (knowledge which comes to us through Noah and his sons). A significant detail is that the list of the descendants of Cain is truncated abruptly with the children of Lamech (Jaban - Jubal and Tubal Cain), the cause could be the absorption line of Cain by September. The Scripture does not talk about any war, so we infer that such absorption may have occurred naturally, by higher population weight (ergo economic, political and military) Set on Cain, who mixed males taking from one village to the other women, according to this line of thought, it would be fulfilling God's children (in September) took the daughters of men (women Cainites). This could have happened in the time of Methuselah, 8th King of the line of Seth. We reached this conclusion because the list of the descendants of Cain is cut in that 8th place, the three sons of Lamech, and from that time no longer more hierarchs or patriarchs named this line.

A. Who would have been "God's children"?
This question is even more contentious than the last point "A". The translation of the Hebrew "when the Sons of God came to" serious "reached" which would take, submit sexually (Heb. Strong's # 935) and non-marital relationship as would the verb "to know" of Gen. 4.1, 4.17; 4.25; etc. .... (Strong's # 3045) Jada [5]. From these unions were born the Nephilim (giants).
You could say that about those who have been "Sons of God" are traditionally two positions on this issue:
                    I. "Sons of God" have been men
a. They would have been the descendants of Adam, by the line of Seth
b. Would have been the "powerful of the earth"
                  II. "Sons of God" would have been angels

       I. The Sons of God have been men:
a. The Sons of God were the ruling princes: Scholars who hold this view, rely on that in the OT to the rulers and key are called Sons of God (Ps. 82.1 - 6 cf. Jn. 10.34) These princes, would have been corrupted by power and greed, have practiced polygamy and abused women. We have an early example of bigamy in Gen. 4.19 Lamech, a descendant of Cain. In the same sin have fallen Solomon, growing to seven hundred wives and three hundred concubines (1 Kings 11.3). In the Middle East was once common currency from the abuse of the powerful over the women in his harem, a trend among dictators and powerful oriental still valid even in the XXI century.
b. The sons of God were the Sons of Seth: According to traditional Jewish view (shared by most Protestant denominations), God's children would be the offspring "pious" in September, which means that men would be the tribe Cain and his daughters, the famous beauties would then be the "daughters of men". This would support the hypothesis presented in this chapter of the absorption of the dynasty of Cain by Setites [6]. Justin Martyr [7] (c. 100/114 - 162/168) one of the first apologists [8] Christians, held this line of thought. The weakness of this approach is that the descendants of Seth obviously was not "so pious": They all died in the flood except Noah and his immediate family, who were the only Sethites who found favor with God.
c. Other historical figures who support this motion: The Jew Trypho [9] stated that "Sons of God" were men, and opposed the idea that angels could have sex. Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai [10] cursed all Jews who say that the "sons of God" were angels. According to the traditional Jewish view, the Nephilim [11] before the flood and after the flood were men. This was the view of Rashi also [12] and Nahmanides [13]. For the Ethiopian Orthodox Church [14], Genesis 6:1 refers to members of the lineage of Seth and interprets Deut 14.01 Children belong to Yahweh your God: ye shall not sajaréis, or be dead raparéis because, as a text that would referenced. In their construction, these men had begun to feel carnal interests [15], so took wives of the daughters of men, the descendants of Cain. Believers who follow this line of thought, rest on Matthew 22:30 where Jesus says that in Heaven people not be given in marriage, for they will (asexual) as "angels from heaven" [16]. Sextus Julius Africanus (c. 160 - c. 240) who was a historian and apologist Hellenistic influence African Christian, stated that "Sons of God" were men and condemned those who felt they were angels.

     II. The Sons of God, Angels?
Throughout all A.T. and also in the NT there are many quotations referring to angels regarding them as children of God. In extra-biblical texts like the Book of Enoch and the Book of Jubilees also considered these celestial beings as children of God.
1) examine the text and see Gen.6.2 transliteration of Hebrew:
6.2AY saw the children of the Lords ... Vayir'u beney [17] Elohim [18]
                According to the exegete Rashi [19], in this verse Vayir'u beney Elohim can mean the sons of "gentlemen", "judges" or "angels" [20].
2) Next, let's see some quotes from the OT and N. T.:
The book of Job: Anonymous work, traditionally attributed to Moses, which Job could have met during the Exodus from Egypt, the crossing of the Arabian Peninsula. Other scholars date the book in the year 500. C. and 250 BC. C., but his appointment in ancient Jewish manuscripts discarded that option. Popularly considered that this was written in the mid-fifteenth century. C. Job 1.6: A day came to present themselves before the LORD the children [21] of God, including Satan came also [22]. RV60
Commentary Job 95 RV 1.6 children of God: This will appoints the members of the divine court, usually called angels. Reference 1 R 22.19; Job 38.7; Salt 29.1, 82.1, 89.7.
Chronicles 2nd Book of Chronicles, which appears in our Bibles divided into two parts, according to the Talmud was written by Ezra after the exile between 450 and 400 BC 2 Chronicles 18.18 - 22 But Micaiah said, "Hear the word of the Lord: I saw the Lord sitting on his throne. To his right and to his left was all the host of heaven. 19 And the Lord said, "Who shall entice Ahab king of Israel into attacking Ramoth Gilead and die trying?" And one said one thing, and another said another. 20 But it was a spirit, and stood before the Lord, and said: "I allure." And the Lord asked, "And how will you do?" 21 And the Spirit said, "I'll go out and be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. "Then the Lord said," Go and do so. Indúcelo, you will achieve it. "22 So the Lord has put a lying spirit in the mouths of these prophets of yours. The Lord has given evil against you. "Reina Valera Contemporánea (RVC). The Throne of God is above all power and all rule and nothing happens without his knowledge or approval.
    III. The book of Psalms is a collection of five collections of writings, mostly praises and prayers. Dates: were written between the time of Moses (1440 BC) to the Babylonian captivity in 586 BC Various Authors: Moses wrote 90, David 74, Solomon 127, other Asaf and others the sons of Korah. There are 34 anonymous [23]. We can see that the students responsible for the RV95 [24], speak of angelic court's comment Salm. 82.1: God stands in the congregation of the mighty [25], in the midst of the gods he holds judgment. RV 95. The comment is: "This psalm presents God as a judge who called to trial the gods of the pagan nations and reduced to complete impotence (v reference. 7), after having pleaded guilty to promoting all injustices. Through this poetic drama, more expressive force acquires the psalmist reproach directed against injustice and partiality of judges, severely condemned by the Law and the Prophets. Reference Sal 58 ". Psalm 95 commentary RV 82.1 Meeting of the gods or divine assembly. This expression reflects a common belief among the Canaanites, which represented their gods in council or assembly, under the chairmanship of a supreme god. Here supremacy belongs to the God of Israel, judging and sentencing. Reference Is 3.13-15. This image of a supreme god who rules over lesser gods, is common throughout the Middle East mythology (Chaldean, Sumerian, Babylonian, Egyptian and Canaanite). It is the same figure that gives the books of Enoch and Jubilees, God rules over all creation. Within the role of government (including the delegation of tasks) God had given to a group of angels the mission of caring for humanity. With respect to this idea, Dr. Ed Murphy [26] says in his Manual of Spiritual Warfare, "Wenham says Ugaritic literature the term" sons of God "refers to members of the divine pantheon and it is possible that in Gen. 6.1 use the term in a similar sense [27]. " The NVI NIV Archaeological Study and comment on this passage: "... some scholars believe that the gods were divine beings, in whose name the kings ruled from neighboring nations." Paul calls directly powers of evil (Ephesians 6.12: Paul calls "principalities and powers of evil");

   IV. The Book of Daniel Daniel traditionally regarded as a real historical character, on the date of writing the book about 530. C. The RV60 Study for Men explains that Aramaic used in Daniel, would agree to the Aramaic form and style of the sixth century. C. In addition to this position, there is a 2nd line of scholars who believe the Book of Daniel as a pseudoepígrafe the second century. C. According to this line of thought, the book of Daniel would have been written after the invasion of Antiochus Epiphanes on Israel. Antiochus Epiphanes, shortly after the occupation of Jerusalem, began the persecution of the Jews who refused to worship the Abomination of Desolation installed by him in the Temple of the Lord (169 BC See 1 Maccabees 1). It is believed that the author of the book could have been a cult member Hasidea (forerunner of the Pharisees). According to this view, the book of Daniel would not be a prophecy but an account of events in the form of prophecy, destined to give encouragement to the Jews who were living in one of the darkest pages of its history, both natural and spiritually. For the purposes of this paper, the 1st position supports the motion of this chapter, showing how spiritual powers governing countries or regions. The 2nd position would serve the purpose of showing that the Jews of the time believed that he had indeed spiritual powers ruling geographical regions and influencing human rulers [28]. In Dn.9.21 - 27 the prophet has a vision of the Archangel Gabriel come to answer your prayers, and this tells Daniel that twenty-one days was delayed by that Prince of Persia opposed him.
The RV 95 gives this explanation in the footnote on this verse: In the apocalyptic writings, every nation appears headed by an angel prince who protects and represents. Hence sometimes conflicts between nations are described as a struggle between her angelic protectors. If the chief angel who ruled over Persia opposed to God, it is possible that it was a third rebel angel (reference Revelation 12.4)
      V. The Book of Ezekiel, written by the prophet during the Babylonian exile between 593 and 573 BC In Ezekiel 28, along the entire chapter, God instructs the prophet a message to the king of Tyre, but from Ez.28.13 we realize that the Lord is calling someone much older than the king, Satan himself: 13In Eden the garden of God: every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, diamond, beryl, onique, and beryl, sapphire, carbuncle, and emerald, and gold, the workmanship of your timbrels and fifes were prepared in thee in the day of thy creación.14Tú cherub that covereth: and I will put upon the holy mountain of God; among stones [29] of fire you walked. King James Version (NKJV)


They can also follow the publications:

[1] This paper is an excerpt from the book "From Eden to the birth of Nations. A brief study of the prehistoric period in the Bible (Gen. I - XI) "Adrian and Fabian Pablos Massa, whose edition will be completed in late 2013, God willing.
[2] of the People of God Bible, Catholic version of the Bible in easy language.
[3] Hispanoamericano Bible Commentary, page 157.
[4] In the Middle East dating back to the Neolithic scientists around 8500 BC
[6] The strongest people (in this case the Sethites) hills dominate weak. Take women involves taking everything else.
[7] He was born in the city of Flavia Neapolis (modern Nablus, West Bank, called Shechem in the Old Testament). Although claiming to be a Samaritan, his family was pagan Greek-speaking, and he was educated in that cultural context. Converts to Christianity, under Hadrian, dedicated the rest of his life to spreading what he considered the true philosophy.
[8] The Greek apologists are ecclesiastical writers who sought to defend the Christian faith of the accusations made against him by the pagans during the second century and III. It is a reaction to criticism, ridicule and scorn on Christians by Roman authors who looked down on the "cult" that had been increasing in number. Therefore, it is not written targeting Christians in order to introduce them to the faith and morals of Christianity.
[9] Justin's book character "Dialogue with Trypho" of Justin Martyr (c. 100/114 - 162/168) was one of the first Christian apologists.
[10] Shimon Bar Yochai or Simeon Bar Yochai was a rabbi who lived in Galilee, now Israel during the time of Roman rule and after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, placing his life from the late first century and the second century of the Christian era.
[11] The term Nefilim or Nephilim (Hebrew "Fellers") means giant, but has different shades depends on what line of thought considers them: For the Orthodox Jewish position (and Protestant Christian) is a country of giants or Titans fruit of the union of the sons of Seth (sons of God) and the daughters of Cain (daughters of men) mentioned in Genesis 6:4 and in the Book of Numbers 13:33. For Aramaic, the term Nephila specifically referred to the constellation of Orion, and thus Nephilim half would be divine descendants of this constellation. According to the Greek view (read Catholic), the Nephilim appear as unnatural sexual union of some wicked angels with women land.
Book of Baruch: "There were born the famous giants of the early days of great stature and expert in war. But it was they who chose God and gave them the path of science, they perished by their lack of discernment, perished for their foolishness. " (Baruch 3:26, 3:27, 3:28)
Book of Wisdom: Also, at the beginning, when the proud giants died, the hope of the world took refuge on a raft (Noah's Ark), which, led by your hand (Yahweh), left the world the seed of a new humanity ". (Wisdom 4:6)
Sirach: "Does being young (David), not killed a giant and removed the reproach of the people, when he threw a stone with a sling and struck Goliath's arrogance?" (Eclesiástico. 47:4)
Giants are also named in other texts considered apocryphal, such as:
Book of Enoch (the Ethiopic Bible) presents a more detailed description of the biblical giants.
Book of Jubilees (the Ethiopian bible), complements the story presented in the Book of Enoch.
[12] Rashi is the Hebrew acronym for Rabbi Shlomo Yitzjaki [, or Rabbi Shlomo Yarji. He was born and died in Troyes, France (1040-1105). Rashi is considered the most excellent commentator on the Bible and the Talmud, one of the greatest scholars and legislators on Jewish Law and an expert in Hebrew.
[13] Moses ben Nahman, called Nahmanides (Gerona, 1194 - Land of Israel, 1270), Spanish Jewish rabbi. Judaism known by the acronym Ramban (Rabbi Moshe ben Nahman) and quoted in the Christian documents as Bonastruc ça Porta. It was the greatest rabbinical authority of his time. Nahmanides highlighted as a philosopher, Talmudist and Kabbalist.
[14] The Ethiopian Orthodox Unitarian Church (also known as the Ethiopian Coptic Church, church tawahedo, Ethiopian Coptic Patriarchate Ethiopian church or simply) is an autocephalous Eastern Church Coptic, ie having its own Patriarch (since 1959; once depended directly from the Coptic Patriarch of Alexandria). The head of the church has the title of Patriarch Abuna-based in Addis Ababa, which recognizes and is in full communion with the Pope and all the Coptic Patriarch Shenouda III of Alexandria and the Coptic Patriarch of Eritrea, forming a one Church, the Holy Coptic Church. From the July 11, 1992, is the Abuna Paul. Among the Christian churches is the closest and related to Jewish traditions and religion. It has about 45 million members (60% of the population of Ethiopia). C3% Adope
[15] Here is carnal nature "sinful".
[16] Those who do not support this view also argue that the angels of Heaven have no sex but the fallen if unions had intercourse with women (and this is the negation of "nature", ie they left their gender) .
[17] Elohim Hebrew word is singular when referring to God the Creator of everything. It also means "judges" as in Exodus XXI, 30; "angel" in Psalm LXXXII, 6; "idols" in Exodus XX, 3. Http:// = 1 & chapter = 6 & show = 1 & portion = 1 # C34
[18] Elohim is the plural of El, the supreme deity of the Ugaritic pantheon, surrounded by a court of lesser gods, sons of the chief god. See footnote 37 of the chapter I Elohim.
[19] Rabbeinu Shlomo Yitzjaki-or by his initials commentator Rashi, the Torah and the Talmud. Troyes, France, from 1040 to 1105.
[20] # C34
[21] The sons of God gene 6.2 / RV 60 1121 Ben Strong Job 01.06, child or descendant of God.
[22] In this passage Satan is not a name, but a charge "accuser" as a trial attorney
[23] Introduction to the Book of Psalms in the Bible NIV Archaeological, page 821.
[24] King James 95
[25] The gods, 430 Strong Elohim, in this case gods in the ordinary sense
[26] Ed Murphy, Missionary, director and teacher, began missionary in Argentina in 1964 and with Dr. Luis Palau began ministry SEPAL Columbia, a global missions organization. He is currently vice president of that organization and associate professor of Bible and Missions Christian College San Jose, California, USA
[27] Gordon J Wenham, Genesis 1-15, Word, Waco, Texas, 1987, p. 202. Spiritual Warfare Manual, Ed Murphy pag. 260. Also Gordon Wenham is an English scholar who argues that Christian exegesis avoids the issue of the possible relationships between angels and carnal women, which has just now advocates but is supported in America.
[28] Sources: Bible Study for Men RV60, RV95 Study Bible, NIV Study Bible, Bible of the People of God: An Introduction to the Book of Daniel. NIV Archaeological introduction to the book of Daniel and page 1422.
[29] Another translation: among the stars.


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