Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.
Specially prepared for Alfa & Omega Church.
In chapter 3, Paul admonishes strongly to the Galatians, the is foolish (3.1) ie as people who show negligence and immaturity in their actions and fools (3.3) by insisting on holding on to ideas or wrong postures, thereby demonstrating little intelligence.
In chapter 4 the Apostle gives arguments drawn from examples to the Galatians can reason the difference between the dispensation of law and grace.
To this Paul plays two known issues for the recipients of the letter:
A. The case of the young man who can not take care of his heritage until he reaches the age of majority and the rights of the adopted child.
B. A new look at the old story of Hagar and Sarah.
1. 4.1-5. The example was taken from "The Real Life"
(4.1-3), since in those days (as in ours) young heirs could not dispose of his fortune, however great it was, until reaching an age when his father so decided. Likewise, when God the Father decided to send His Son to deliver both the Gentiles who were under the power of the world (4.3) how the Jews who were under the power of the law (4.4).
2. 4.6-7. Roman law stated that the custody of the adopted happened to be the adopter.
The taken out of their natural family by capitis concept minimal diminution and lost all their rights agnación (membership rights to the original family as being of succession and was also detached from the family deities) to become part of the adoptive family acquiring rights agnación in the new family and succession by bringing common to the household gods (family gods) and the sacred things of this family. The adopted took the name of the adopter as part of its name. That is, the person who was adopted lost all legal, economic, religious traditions and bond with her family of origin and happened to have everything about his new family . In this way reinforces the fact that God is no respecter of person and that in Christ all are adopted as children of God and therefore heirs with Christ as the Kingdom (4.6-7).
3. 4.8-20. Paul draws a parallel between slavery to pagan idolatry and the Law:
Either the error would tie (4.8-11). There is also a veiled reference to predestination when he says "... God knew you." (cf. Romans 8.29, 11.2; Ephesians 1.5). After the visit of the Judaizers the Galatians had begun to save the Jewish holidays and to practice laws regarding food and beverages (4.9-10). Paul highlights the good reception that the Gauls were given, without rejecting their vision problem (for Gentiles formed under Greek culture, beauty or physical perfection was very important) and contrasts that first attitude with the fact that they felt offended now confronts the Apostle. There was, like today, a fight for souls: The Judaizers wanted the Galatians to drag his side and Paul wanted to win for Grace (4.17-20).
Text can be deduced what were the arguments used by Judaizing teachers to drag the Galatians of Grace to Law:
9 God also said to Abraham:
-Complies My covenant, you and all your descendants for all generations. 10 And this is the covenant which I make to you and your descendants, and that all must meet: Every male among you shall be circumcised. 11 circumcise the flesh of his foreskin, and that is the sign of the covenant between us. 12 All the men of each generation must be circumcised eight days after birth, both babies born at home and those who have been bought with money from a foreigner and, therefore, are not of your offspring. 13 Without exception, both born at home as you have been bought with money, must be circumcised. In this way my covenant will remain as an indelible mark on the flesh of you, as a perpetual covenant. 14 But the uncircumcised male, who has not been cut was circumcised in the flesh, will be removed from his people for breaking my covenant. Genesis 17.9-14
So Paul asked:
21 You tell me, those who want to be under the law, why do not pay attention to what the law itself says? 22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave and one free? 23 of the slave was born according to the flesh, but the free born in fulfillment of a promise. 24 This story can be interpreted figuratively: the women represent two covenants. One, which is Hagar, from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves. 25 Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem, because with her children live in slavery. 26 But the heavenly Jerusalem is free, and she is our mother.
Paul wants the Galatians study the scriptures, to see how the Judaizing have drawn sentences of context to give the Torah tell them what suited them.
22 For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave and one free? 23 of the slave was born according to the flesh, but the free born in fulfillment of a promise.
This passage shows that what one reads fluently, in reality step in a long period of years, studying Scripture can determine exactly how long are talking about.
1. The first reference to have offspring, at age 75. The promise of offspring is linked to the Territory.
Gen. 12.4B Abram left, as the Lord had commanded him, and Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he left Haran.
Gen. 12.5B - 7 When arrived in Canaan, 6 Abram passed through the land to get to Shechem, where the sacred tree of Moreh is. At that time, the Canaanites were in the region. 7 There the Lord appeared to Abram and said, ". I will give this land to your descendants'
2. The second reference to offspring.
Gen. 13.14 - 17 After Lot separated from Abram, the Lord said, "Abram, looks up from where you are and look north and south, east and west. 15 I will give to you and to your descendants forever, all land covering your mirada.16 multiply your seed as the dust of the earth. If anyone can number the dust of the earth, you can also count your descendants. 17 Go and travels the country lengthwise and widthwise, for to you I'll give it you! "
3. The third reference to offspring.
Gen.15.1 After this, the word of the Lord came to Abram in a vision. After this, with these words the war that had to Abram at 4 Wise Men who had invaded Canaan, taking prisoner referred Lot, whom his uncle libero (Gen.14.1-16) and the meeting with Melchizedek ( Gen.14.17-23).
God makes a covenant with Abram, and contained the following points:
to. God promises own child 15.4
b. God also promises him a numerous progeny 15.5
c. God recognizes Abram as righteous, because Abram believed 15.6
d. God prophesies to Abram that his descendants will live as slaves 400 years in a foreign country (15.13); that would come out of that country with great wealth (15.14 - cf. Exodus 12.36); I would live to be very old (1515); that his descendants would return to Canaan to conquer 4 generations later, to remove the Canaanites because of their wickedness (15.16)
and. Promise to deliver to his descendants the land of Israel (15.19-20)
THREE IN ANY OF THESE OCCASIONS God demands circumcision.
4. Ten years after Genesis 15: Birth of the son of the slave
In Genesis 16.3 it says that B This happened when already ten years that Abram lived in Canaan. 16 16.16 And Abram was when Ishmael was born eighty-six years. This implies that in Genesis 15 Abram was 75 years old.
At 75 God made a covenant with Abram word, and considered him just because he believed (Gen. 156). At 85, Abram (the advice of his wife Sarah, Gen. 16.2) takes Hagar and Ishmael is born at 86 (Gen.16.15-16).
5. The son of the free
to. God establishes his covenant with Abram (17.2)
b. God renamed Abram (exalted father) to Abraham (Father of Nations - cf. blessed in you Gen.12.3 families. 17.6 Father of Nations blessed in you Nations 18.18) In this name are included Abraham all nations. So Paul says in Gal.4.28 28 you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. 29 And as at that time the son born by the flesh persecuted the son born by the Spirit, so it is now.
c. Establishment of the Covenant with the generations of Abraham (the Jews) to give physical possession Territory of Israel Gen. 17.7-10 Circumcision as a sign of the covenant with Abraham.
6. It is therefore evident that Paul wanted the Galatians and we see:
A. One is God's covenant with Abraham and his descendants by blood, ie the Jews, who was locked in the time AT, where things are literal, material (the promise of the Land of Israel as "Sabbath" was for Israel, not for us, cf Psalm 95 + 3 // Hebrews 4.9 Hebrews remains therefore a rest to the people of God.) the sign of the Covenant was circumcision for Israel and for us the earnest of the Spirit (ie the gifts as a manifestation of the baptism of the Holy Spirit to be Church cf. 1 Corinthians 12)
B. The sign of circumcision was to distinguish the descendants of Israel from the other peoples (my interpretation). Since God clearly says that the covenant with the offspring will have and Sara (Gen. 17.19) But would confirm the Covenant with Isaac (Gen. 17.21) while Ishmael would be the father of the nomadic tribes of northern Arabia, where descends Muhammad, the prophet of Islam.
C. The Judaizing unified all-time Gen.17 Pact. when Abraham was 99 years old. They obviated that the promise God made to Abram at 75 (Gen.15.6) and at that time recognized just for his faith, when he had not yet demanded the circuición.
D. The Judaizing obviated the double reading of promises: From blood descendants Isaac = circumcised) Jews and other descendants by faith (not by blood), ie, we Gentiles (Gen. 17.4 Father of Nations and the Nations They will be blessed through you - Gen.17.6) 28 you, brothers, like Isaac, are children of promise. 29 And as at that time the son born by the flesh persecuted the son born by the Spirit, so it is now. 30 But what saith the scripture? "Check here the slave and her son! The son of the slave will never share in the inheritance with the son of the free. "31 Therefore, brethren, we are not children of the slave but of the free.
Paul was requiring them to his disciples, ie the Church of Galatia, and they thought they knew the Scriptures, because this was the only way not to be deceived by anyone. This is the reason why this particular study, use only the Bible and some information from Wikipedia Encyclopedia of Roman law on the subject of adoption.
Today we have a very similar scenario that confronted Paul with Judaizing:
False Teachers, Anointed, Prophets, etc ... only teach part of the Scriptures that suit them, teach and preach by the parties, removing those that do not serve their purposes. These false shepherds take advantage of the facile attitude of people who do not want to study the scriptures, they do not want to be disciples. But truth be known demands: not enough to read the Bible to be studied.
Galatians 4 - By Fabian Massa
Blogs Fabian Massa.
Alpha & Omega Church Pastor Adrian Pablos.
Aramburu 1538, Martinez, Buenos Aires - Argentina.
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