Study. Parable of the 10 talents. By Fabian Massa.

Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.

In Matthew 25.14-29, Jesus uses the parable of the 10 Talents to explain that those who are diligent in administering the gifts received from the Lord will enter the Kingdom of Heaven. A parable is a fictional story with an educational purpose, designed on the basis of possible facts of everyday life and for that reason were stories that everyone could understand. Because they were stories of events that happened in real life, their interpretation in principle must be textual.

The main lessons:

a. All we have, are opportunities or skills, it belongs to God. We are custodians. God owns. What we have is "his property". We are stewards.

b. The Lord gives opportunities for service in accordance with the capacity it gave us to make use of them. Consequently men do not have the same capabilities, understand this does not feel jealousy or envy those who have more "Talents" and in turn we do not create best of those with less: Each have what God gave and the do you know why. On the day of judgment will not matter the number of opportunities (service opportunities, "talents"). The question is only: "Have we been faithful in their use?"

  • The Master evidently is the Lord.
  • The servants, believers.

Reading paragraphs:

14 For the kingdom of heaven is like a man going on a journey, who called his servants and entrusted his property.
15 To one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to each according to his ability; and then he went away.

In rich man to go on a trip delivered his servants a sum of money, according to the ability that he understands that each one.
Basically a "talent" is a measure of weight. For example, Ap. 16:21 speaks of hailstones weighing a talent (125 Roman pounds) each. However, the same word "talent" is also used to indicate a monetary unit. The value differed from one place to another and from one era to another and also depended on the metal that was used, was copper, silver or gold. A penthouse [1] talent worth no less than six thousand pieces of silver. An ordinary worker would need nearly twenty years to win one. It is therefore clear that in this parable are dealing with a wealthy businessman. Hendriksen Commentary Matthew p. 653
A Roman pound weighs 327.45 grams. therefore 125 pounds is 40.93 kg. Metal (gold or silver) was a lot of money.

16 And he that had received five talents went and traded with them, and gained five more talents.
17 And he that had received two, he also gained other two.

The term comes from the Latin negotium business, a word formed by NEC and otium ( "what is not leisure"). This is occupation, work, or the work that is done for profit ( So negotiate here means doing work that capital to generate profits honestly. Each of these servants knew they must respond positively to the confidence of their Lord, also understanding that at some point would have to account for their actions.

18 But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, and hid his lord's money.
The third servant did not bother to fulfill the task assigned to him. Then he made a hole in the ground and buried the talent.

19 After a long time the lord of those servants returned and settled accounts with them. 20 And he that had received five talents came and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, you gave me five talents; Here, I have gained five more talents.
21 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; for thou hast you have been faithful with a few I'll put; enter into the joy of thy lord.
22 He also that had received two talents came and said, Lord, you gave me two talents; Here, I have gained two other talents beside them.
23 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; for thou hast you have been faithful with a few I'll put; enter into the joy of thy lord.

These two servants had understood that his responsibility was to grow the assets of his Lord, administrators were only a fortune that was not his, and to be accountable to the owner thereof. They did with a summary of all transactions made at the time that his master was absent: It only showed the results of their work, and in view of which were very positive, your Lord rewards.

24 Then he who had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew you hard man, reaping where you did not sow and gathering where you scattered; 25 I was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth; Here you have what is yours.

The previous two servants did not need to explain his actions, they showed their results. The third however, as had no results, had to invent an excuse: Accusing his love of "hard" callous and unjust, and he intended to make a profit where he had not worked (seed and spread) says Hendriksen (Commentary Matthew p . 655): When the servant says to his master: "reaping where you did not sow and gathering where you scattered" is lying. This master, to assign tasks, had calculated the capacity of each man. And as if planted and spread, the answer is that certainly did, namely, when he separated his talents among the three servants. Now you have every right to harvest and collect.

26 His lord answered and said unto him wicked and slothful servant, you knew that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I scattered.
27 Therefore, you should have put my money to the bankers, and at my coming I should have received mine own with interest.
The master tells him as saying: "In your own words condemn you; because if you were sure I was "hard", you should have striven as possible. The least you could have done was to put my money in the bank, so that when I returned I would have received from the bank with interest. "

28 Take therefore the talent, and give it unto him which hath ten talents.
29 For he that hath shall be given, and will have more; and who has not, even what he has will be taken away.
30 And cast the unprofitable servant into the darkness outside; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
The text is clear enough to have to explain.

The attitude of the first two servants, who negotiated the money from your love making profits, is the germ of capitalist thinking. When the Reformation took shape in Germany and was spreading through Europe, studying Scripture (which was forbidden to people in the Church of Rome) made the Church understand the concept of Stewardship, that all assets have a person, both material (money, possessions) as spiritual gifts are given by the Lord, that must be managed and acrecentados to be placed at the service of the community.

The first two servants are archetypes:

a. The entrepreneur who generates business opportunities and businesses.

b. Good workers that make them work.

The Christian entrepreneur has received from the Lord the talent to be precisely generating ventures, "see businesses" where others see nothing. The creation of these businesses is a source of work for those who have the gift of work and produce. These are the two kinds of people make up the most economically active populations of a society: Those investing capital, developing businesses, working, and preparing for tomorrow to do something constructive to society.

And finally are those who see those who prosper because of their businesses, professions and jobs, only hard, unfair and insensitive people who get their money dishonestly (unplanted or spread).
All this, of course, talking about archetypes that are handled within the law.
Until today, the Protestant European countries (and colonized by them) have a larger economy, more serious entrepreneurs and a more educated society, as in the case of:

Germany, England + USA + Australia + etc ...; Netherlands, Austria, the Baltic States Shield, Sweden, Switzerland.

Instead traditionally Catholic European countries (and their colonized) are still those with more poverty and corruption index:
Spain and Portugal + Latin America; Italy, Turkey (formerly occupied Greece Asian Ottoman Empire in 1453).

Not only commit murder, adultery, theft, etc. is sin, so is omit performing good works for the glory of God. See Matthew 25:18, 26; also 25: 41-45; Stg. 4:17.

As disciples we are required to develop the "talents" that God gave us, both intellectual abilities to work carefully to be a blessing to ourselves, our families and society, but also to manage the "spiritual gifts" that God gave us to the Ministry of believers.

Management of materials and generation of economic gains goods are also required to carry out an effective ministry.

Talents, gifts, Administrators, Stewardship.
[1] The talent (the τάλαντον Greek, meaning talanton balance or weight) was a unit of monetary measure used in antiquity. It originated in Babylon but was widely used throughout the Mediterranean during the Hellenistic period and the time of the Punic wars. In the Old Testament, equivalent to about 34 kg, and in the New Testament, to 6,000 drachmas, or what is the same, 21,600 g of silver. It was the approximate weight of water needed to fill an amphora Greek (about one cubic foot) .A talent, talent or attic corresponded to about 26 kg, 2 a Roman talent with 32.3 kg; Egyptian talent with 27 kg, and the talent of Babylon with 30,3kg. In ancient Israel it was initially adopted talent of Babylon, but was changed later. Heavy talent of the New Testament were about 58.9 kg.


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