STUDY. JOHN 2.13-25. BY FABIAN MASSA.

Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.



In the 1st part of this study, we saw "The Wedding at Cana [1]" (John 2.1-12) In this 2nd part we will see the two issues that John discussed in this chapter:

1. Purification of the Temple - John 2.13-22 (Matthew 21.12-13; Luke 19.45-46 and 11.15-18 Marcos)
2. The authority of Jesus, John 2.18 - 22.

3. Jesus knows all men - John 2.23-25

1. Jesus purifies the Temple

Texts of the RV 60
13 Now the Passover of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
14 And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers.

15 And making a whip of cords, he drove all out of the temple, and the sheep and the oxen; and he poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables;
16 and said to those who sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house a house of merchandise.
his disciples that it was written 17 then agreed Zeal for your house consumes me.
18 The Jews answered and said, What sign can you show us, since you do this?
19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
20 Then said the Jews, Forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?
21 But he spoke of the temple of his body.
22 Therefore, when he rose from the dead, his disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had said.

13 Now the Passover of the Jews; and Jesus went up to Jerusalem,
John places this episode a few days after "The Wedding at Cana", ie at the beginning of Jesus' public ministry, a fact that contrasts with the Synoptics (Matthew 21.12-13; Luke 19.45-46 and 11.15-18 Marcos) that located in the final week of the same, a week before slaughter.
Faced with this problem there are several positions:
to. Some say that there were two cleansings of the Temple, is at the beginning and mentioning the other gospels in the end. But being such an important story, it is hard to believe that Matthew, Luke and Mark have omitted the 1st and the 2nd Juan. Hendriksen supports the position of the two cleansings of the Temple.
b. Some commentators, like William Barclay, say the Purification of the Temple was the end of the life of Jesus and the story of John here is not intended to follow the chronological thread. They rely on that the Apostle was more interested in Judea Ministry show that in Galilee, which had already taught the Synoptics.

14 And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers.
15 And making a whip of cords, he drove all out of the temple, and the sheep and the oxen; and he poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables;
16 and said to those who sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house a house of merchandise.

When Jesus entered the courtyard of the Gentiles, he found a market, where they were:
to. Money changers: To pay the temple tax (mandatory for all), was called "atonement for the soul" equivalent to half a shekel (Hebrew currency used in the temple (Exodus 30:15 cp Ex 30:.. 13-16. ). the pilgrims had to do with Jewish money, for which they should change their Roman Greek coins (2 drachmas Matthew 17.27) or accepted coins in the temple. the high priest was the one who fixed the exchange rate.


b. Sellers of sacrificial animals: the sacrifices to the Lord consisted of animals. For all to honor him, God ordered that they be bulls, goats or sheep and pigeons. In this way even the poorest could offer a sacrifice. Theoretically pilgrims could bring their animals for slaughter, which must meet the standards of purity, but in practice, the Levites that received always found them defects (but not any), which made them ritually impure. In this way the pilgrims were forced to buy the animals from the merchants of the temple, usually at a much higher value to the common market.


Thus, between change and animals for sacrifice, religious had set up a business with the people's faith and the Word of God. It was against this that Jesus railed against the corruption of the priestly class in collusion with the merchants.


2. The authority of Jesus.

18 The Jews answered and said, What sign can you show us, since you do this?
19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.
20 Then said the Jews, Forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?
21 But he spoke of the temple of his body.
22 Therefore, when he rose from the dead, his disciples remembered that He said this; and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had said.

Paraphrasing 18 and 19 are: What sign give us your authority to do this? When I raise kill the 3rd day Jesus replied. But he spoke of the temple of his body ... He was prophesying about his own death and resurrection.

3. Jesus knows all men

23 While in Jerusalem at the Passover feast, many believed in his name, seeing the signs he was doing.
24 But Jesus did not trust them, because he knew all,
25 and had no need that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.
These three verses serve as a bridge between Chapter 2 and 3.
Signals: John does not speak of miracles, but supernatural situations that point to Jesus as the Logos. This is for people to not focus on the "Miracle" but in the doer, the Messiah.

Many believed in his name ... but Jesus did not trust them ... in those days passed like today: Many say they believe, but do not decide to follow Jesus or to enter the Way. They believe, go to events, sing songs, go to services, groups, parties ... .but in his life remain pagans. Jesus recognized and we believe them ... or now: Men can deceive men, but not to him.



Purification of the Temple, Jesus knows men, John 2

[1] http://www.tesorosdesabiduria.com/2016/07/study-san-juan-21-12-by-fabian-massa.html ENGLISH SPANISH http://www.tesorosdesabiduria.com/2016/07/ study-saint-john-21-12-by-fabian-massa.html RUSSIAN http://www.tesorosdesabiduria.com/2016/07/21-12.html

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