STUDY. Parallelism between the biblical account of creation and Sumerian Enuma Elish. BY FABIAN MASSA.

TRANSLATED FROM SPANISH TO ENGLISH WITH GOOGLE TRANSLATOR.



THE FIRST ACCOUNT OF CREATION, GENESIS RANGING FROM 1.1 TO 2.3, HAS A PARALLEL WITH THE SUMERIAN CREATION POEM ENUMA ELISH, WHICH IN AKKADIAN MEANS "WHEN ON HIGH"; HERE IS THE 1ST PARALLELISM IN BOTH CULTURES BOOKS ARE NAMED WITH THE FIRST WORDS OF THE TEXT.

 COMPARISON OF BOTH STORIES ARE TWO MAIN POINTS EMERGE:
FIRST, MESOPOTAMIAN SHARE THE SAME BACKGROUND AS THE ACTION UNFOLDS IN EDEN OR ITS EQUIVALENT SUMERIAN DILMUN [1].
THE SIMILARITIES ARE GENERAL AND NON-SPECIFIC NATURE.

       LET US SEE THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TWO TEXTS:

A. SIMILARITIES

1. NAME: THE BOOK BY APPOINTING THE FIRST VERSE:

TO. BERESHIT: IN THE BEGINNING
B. ENUMA ELISH: WHEN AT THE TOP



2. THE BEGINNING OF CREATION IS DESCRIBED IN AN AQUEOUS MEDIUM

TO. AND THE EARTH WAS WITHOUT FORM AND VOID, AND DARKNESS WAS UPON THE FACE OF THE DEEP, AND THE SPIRIT OF GOD MOVED UPON THE FACE OF THE WATERS. GEN. 1.2
B. VERSES 4-5: (4) AND CHAOS, TIAMAT, THE MOTHER OF BOTH (5) MIXED WATERS.



3. CREATION FOLLOWS AN ORDERED SEQUENCE

TO. DAYS OF CREATION
B. CREATION ALSO OCCURS IN STREAMS.



4. THE STORIES IN BOTH CHAOS IS DIVIDED AQUEOUS

TO. GEN. 1.6 FIRMAMENTO GOD WITH SEPARATE WATER FROM ABOVE (SPACE) WATER COVERING THE PLANET THAT
B. ERUPTS WAR BETWEEN THE GODS. MARDUK VENCE TIAMAT, SHORT YOUR BODY IN TWO HALVES. CREATE A HALF WITH EARTH, WITH THE OTHER HALF THE SKY CREA.



B. DIFFERENCES

1. BIBLICAL STORY

TO. CREATION IS ONLY WORK'ELOHIM. (MONOTHEISM).
B. GOD CREATES THINGS AND THEN NAMING THEM ORDERED ACCORDING TO A PLAN. ALL THE CREATIVE PROCESS HAS A CHAINED SEQUENCE WHICH IMPLIES AN INTELLIGENT PLANNING.
C. CREATION AND MANAGEMENT IS AN ACT OF GOD.
D. READER'S PERCEPTION OF THE BIBLE IS GOD CREATED AND ORDERED IN A HARMONIOUS, PLANNED WHERE TO BENEFIT ALL TARGETS THE SAME BUILDING. THIS BRINGS SAFETY AND PEACE MAN: GOD IS IN CONTROL OF EVERYTHING AND DEALING WITH OUR WELL. OUR GOD IS GIVING BLESSING.
AND. ENJOY THE HUMANITY GENEROSITY, CARE, ATTENTION OF TEACHING OF GOD. IT CAN SAY THAT GOD IS PROVIDING CONSTANT (SERVING) TO ITS CREATION.

2. MESOPOTAMIAN ACCOUNT

TO. A SET OF GODS ARE INVOLVED IN CREATIVE PROCESSES. (POLYTHEISM).
B. ACTIVITIES OF THE GODS ARE CHAOTIC AND THEY CONFLICT WITH EACH OTHER. THIS LEADS TO A CONFRONTATION AND ALMOST A STATE OF PERMANENT CONFLICT.
C. CREATION IS THE RESULT OF CLASHES BETWEEN THE GODS OR RESULT OF HAVING TO MEET THEIR NEEDS. CREATION IS A RESULT OF CONFLICTS.
D. CHANGING THE PERCEPTION OF READER ENUMA ELISH IS A CONFLICT BETWEEN ETERNAL ORDER AND CHAOS. HUMANITY AND THE REST OF CREATION ARE IN THE MIDST OF CONFLICT BETWEEN DIVINITIES AND MAY BE VICTIMS THEIR WHIMS AND VENDETTAS. THIS CREATES A SENSE OF ANXIETY AND DISTRESS. HUMANITY IS SLAVE OF A COURT OF GODS AND FULL OF FLAWS WHIMSICAL. THE ONLY REASON OF ITS EXISTENCE IS TO SERVE THE GODS AND WORK FOR THEM.




Sumerians Bible and parallel texts of Enuma Elish

[1] Dilmun, the Sumerian version of Eden: In the archaeological site of Tell Abu Shahrein, near where the city of Eridu was very formerly erected, this city was located south of Mesopotamia, 24 km from Ur in ancient times. it was near the Persian Gulf coast before the Tigris and Euphrates rivers deposited sediments that many were gaining ground to the sea. Found clay tablets tell of the existence of a perfect garden, where everything was beauty and harmony and there was no sickness, death is no kind of evil: Dilmun. As Eden was located to the east, "in the place where the sun rises". Dilmun is the scene of one of the Sumerian accounts of the origins, where some of the goddesses of nature are engendered by Enki, the Sumerian god of water.

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