Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator

NTV Bible text https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Juan%203&version=NTV

In John 4 can be seen clearly two issues:

A. Jesus and the Samaritan woman, 4.1-42
B. Jesus and the courtier. 4.43-54

This time we will see the first part.

A. Jesus and the Samaritan woman

1. In this section we have several substantive issues that deserve our attention:

4.1-3 For Jesus had understood that I should go to Galilee
4.4 Why go through Samaria
4.5 History of Sychar
4.6 "sixth hour" The problem of
4.9 The reason for the confrontation Jews-Samaritans
4.11 Well or spring?
4.20 The issue of the "right" place of worship

2. And we have to see the application of the section is clearly evangelistic.

3. Conclusion.

1. Subjects fund deserve our attention, in order of appearance.

Jesus [a] knew the Pharisees had heard that he was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2 (although it was not Jesus himself who baptized but his disciples). 3 So he left Judea and returned to Galilee.

In John 3.23-36 the Apostle tells the discussion that arose among the disciples of the Baptist and a religious about baptisms were the disciples of Jesus in the passages of Jordan. Now the clarification makes sense that John the Baptist was still free, since at the time of chapter 4 had been imprisoned.

4.1 In the Greek text says "Jesus had understood" understood that thing? The Pharisees knew that He was more disciples than John, and imprisoned him, now would Jesus and as yet was not the time, decided to return to Galilee.

Along the way, he had to go through Samaria.

There were two reasons why go through Samaria:

to. By common sense, the way to Galilee by Samaria was better and shorter (57 km.).

b. Because it was the Father's will, according to the result: That whole village was saved (John 4.39-42)

5 Then he came to a Samaritan village called Sychar, near the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6 There was Jacob's well; and Jesus, tired from the long walk, sat beside the well about noon.

Sicar: (gr sujar, maybe "drunk [drunk]" or "false".). City of Samaria located near the Well of Jacob (Jn. 4: 5). Some consider Sychar is a corruption of Shechem, and identify it with Tell Balâtâh, the site of ancient Shechem. However, most commentators believe that is the modern village of Askar, on the eastern slope of Mount Ebal, 1 km north of the Well of Jacob. In 1972 a Roman mausoleum was discovered in Askar, which showed that there would have been inhabited. http://www.wikicristiano.org/diccionario-biblico/significado/sicar/

The "Shequem" Old Testament, thirty-four miles (57 kilometers) from Jerusalem, later called "Neapolis" and now "Nablus". Jamieson PDF page 204.

At Shechem Jacob bought part of a field (Genesis 33.19) More than 430 years later, Joshua buried the bones of Joseph (Joshua 24.32). Jacob had dug a well, Hendriksen said that when the debris were removed from the well, the depth of it was about 33 meters to the web (living water).

Therefore it is understood that the Samaritan woman told Jesus that He could not draw water having no rope or vessel to draw water (vv.11)

Jesus, tired from the long walk, sat beside the well about noon.

In the Greek text, in the Jerusalem Bible and the RV 60 he says about the sixth hour, which presents a problem:

1. Is it the Jewish way of measuring the hours? If so it could refer to the 6th hour after 18.00hs, ie midnight, which is impossible because everything suggests that it is still day. The other possibility is the 6th day, ie at noon, which is the option to take the RV 60, the B. Textual, the NTV and the NIV. According to this view, the Samaritan would draw water from the well at that time (the worst) to not cross with the other women of the people, ashamed of his testimony (vv.17) Jamieson also supports this position.

2. could also be Roman way of measuring the hours. The 6th time could be the 06.00hs. (The Romans counted as us, 24.00hs on) which must be discarded, because no one traveled at night, except for an unavoidable issue. Then the possibility is to take the 6th time as 18.00hs. About why the woman is alone looking for water, Hendriksen, downplays this detail, given that there were other wells around which to draw water. Hendriksen, supports this motion, implying that's why the villagers insisted Jesus to remain with them (v. 40).

3. The conclusion is that the time, (the 12.00hs or 18.00hs) does not change the transcendent teaching of Jesus.

 7 Shortly after came a Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said:
'Please, give me some water to drink.
8 He was alone at the time because his disciples had gone to the village to buy something to eat.
9 The woman was surprised, because the Jews reject any dealings with the Samaritans [b] Then Jesus told.:
You're a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. Why you ask me water to drink?

The woman is part of a mixture of Israelite blood people with foreigners, something that any Jew was an abomination and this was one of the main causes of rejection that Jews openly manifested to the Samaritans. To understand why such an attitude, you need to see even superficially history of hostility between the two peoples arises after the death of Solomon in 928 B.C. when his son Rehoboam succeeded him, and because of his first action of government, the kingdom was divided into two parts:

to. ISRAEL or Northern Kingdom, made up of 10 of the 12 tribes, with its capital in Samaria, ruled at that time by King Jeroboam I.

b. JUDAH or Southern Kingdom, under Rehoboam, capital in Jerusalem, made up of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin.

From that time there were many armed conflicts between the kingdoms of North and South.

In 722 B.C. when the "dominant power" in the Middle East was under the rule of Assyria Sargon, the Northern Kingdom under the government Hosea (last King), she was invaded and its population driven into exile (2 Kings 17: 3-6), leaving in the country only to old, sick and useless. During the reign of Esarhaddon Assyria (Ezra 4.2) Samaria region was repopulated with foreigners (2 Kings 17.24-33) which made a syncretism between their pagan religions and worship the Lord.
When a part of the Jews could return to Jerusalem in 515 B.C. (After the 3rd and last mass deportation to Babylon in 586 BC by Nebuchadnezzar) to rebuild the Temple with Zerubbabel (Ezra 3 and 4) the Samaritans wanted to participate in the reconstruction, but rejected the Jews (Ezra 4.1- 3).
 Later, the same thing happened in 455 B.C. when Nehemiah was rebuilding the walls (Nehemiah 4.7; 6.1-14). When we give a brief look at the history, it is understood that the Samaritan woman was surprised so much that Jesus, being a Jew would speak and ask to drink water (John 4.8-9), as they usually did not have treatment and less share utensils or food and drinks.

Jesus preaches to the Samaritan woman, and she believes that he is the Messiah and immediately runs to preach the good news to all the people (John 4.28-29).

10 Jesus answered:
If you only knew the gift God has for you and who you're talking, you would have asked me, and I would give you living water.
11 But, sir, you have neither a rope or a bucket she told him, and this well is very deep. Where will you get that living water? 12 Also, do you think superior to our ancestor Jacob, who gave us this well? How can you offer better water than he enjoyed, their children and their animals?
13 Jesus answered:
Anyone who drinks this water will soon thirst again, 14 but those who drink the water I give will never thirst not. This water becomes a spring that flows with freshness in them and gives them eternal life.
15 'Please, sir,' said the woman, Give me this water! So I will never be thirsty and I will not have to come here to draw water.

In this brief dialogue, it is clear that Jesus and the woman speak but do not communicate:

to. Jesus speaks of the "things above"
b. She from below

16 Jesus said to him:
Go and get your husband.
17 'I have husband said the woman.
It's true, said Jesus. You have no husband 18 for you have had five husbands, and you're not even married to the man she now lives. Certainly you tell the truth!
19 Sir, 'said the woman, sure you are a prophet.

Word Master of Science awakens the dormant spirit of the Samaritan woman, He is speaking of his privacy and his life. He is surprised by Jesus, but just try to divert attention from the importance of changing the subject:

 20 So tell me, why do you Jews insist that Jerusalem is the only place where people must worship, while we Samaritans claim that is here at Mount Gerizim, [c] where they worship our ancestors ?

Here is a very important fact, the city of Shechem was inbetween the Ebal Montes (south) and Gerizim (north).

The 1st time the Bible appoints these Montes is when Moses tells the Israelites that when they pass "across the Jordan", ie Canaan, had to write the Law on great stones previously whitewashed on Mount Ebal such as Memorial and build an altar where a sacrifice to the Lord of Peace. Deuteronomy 27.1-8. This happened to the 1440 B.C.
Shortly afterwards, by conquering Jericho and Ai, Joshua fulfilled the mandate Moses built an altar on Mount Ebal and wrote the law on two tables as a Memorial.

Shortly after Solomon's death (928 B.C.) how we saw, the kingdom was divided into two parts:

to. The Northern Kingdom, composed of 10 of the twelve tribes, ruled by Jeroboam.

b. The southern kingdom, made up of Judah and Benjamin, ruled by Rehoboam, son of Solomon.

Jeroboam established a parallel cult of Jerusalem, which was the place that God had chosen "To put his name there" (2 Chronicles 7) God. Jeroboam knew this, but did not want "his subjects" go to Jerusalem, because he feared they returned to serve Rehoboam, took up arms and he lost "his kingdom".
For this reason he invented a strange cult, appointed priests who were not Levites and built two temples, one in Dan and one in Bethel - House of God - (called Beth-Aven by Hosea, ie House of Iniquity) and put them Calves gold as gods. (1 Kings 12). For this reason the Samaritan tells Jesus, "You. They say they should worship in Jerusalem, but we taught us to worship here "

By the time the story of John 4, had been about 950 years since Jeroboam "change" worship God for political, economic and personal vainglory convenience. The same happens today (2016) for the same reasons, (vainglory personnel, economic and political - ensure power) change apostates gospel worship today, distorting Scripture, for their own benefit.

21 Jesus answered:

Believe me, dear woman, who is about the time it will not matter if you worship the Father on this mountain or in Jerusalén.22 You Samaritans know very little about the one whom they worship, while we Jews , well we know whom we worship, for salvation comes through the Jews. 23 But the time is coming-indeed, has already llegado- when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth. The Father seeks people who worship him that way. 24 For God is Spirit, so those who worship him must worship in spirit and in truth.

The time is coming when it will not matter if you worship the Father on this mountain or in Jerusalem. Until then they weighed what were the forms, rituals and places. In the dispensation of Grace it weighs what is what is inside the heart, if you believe and work according to what Jesus says.

The Samaritans know very little about those who worship ... .because always guided by tradition imposed Jeroboam about 928 B.C. but they not verified that read the Scriptures. SAME THING HAPPENS TODAY, many are guided by the evangelistic folklore and will not corroborate the source (the Bible).
For salvation comes through the Jews Jesus it is Salvation and is a descendant of Judah.

23 But the time is coming-indeed, has already llegado- when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and in truth. The Father seeks people who worship him that way. You can not worship the Father without worshiping the Son. Who rejects Jesus rejects him who sent him (Matthew 18:15; Mark 9.37, Luke 9.48 and John 13.20)

25 The woman said:
I know that the Messiah is coming, who is called Christ. When he comes, he will explain everything.
26 Then Jesus said to him:
-¡Yo Am the Messiah! [D]
We can see that Jesus manifested clearly.

27 Just then, became his disciples. They were surprised to see that Jesus was speaking with a woman, but none dared to ask: "What do you want from her?" or "Why are you talking to?".

The same reaction as women was 4.9, the Jews did not speak with women, and less Samaritan.

28 The woman left her water jar beside the well and ran back to the village while I was telling everyone, 29 "Come and see a man who told me everything I've done in my life! Is not this the Messiah? ". 30 So the people left the village to see him.
The woman believed and left her water jar, hurried out to tell everyone what happened.

2. Application to evangelism.

31 Meanwhile, the disciples urged Jesus:
Rabbi, [and] eat something.
32 Jesus answered them:
'I have a kind of food that you do not know.
33 "Do you have brought someone to eat while we were not?" The disciples asked each other.
Note that here the Master uses the same technique of "surprise" to his disciples to grab attention, as did the woman when she speaks to ask for water. Jesus builds empathy with people, regardless of their position or class, as he did with Nicodemus, the Samaritan woman and in this passage to his own disciples. Jesus changes their approach, they asked about a situation "bottom" and He gives them a lesson "top":
34 Then Jesus explained:
My food is to do the will of God who sent me and to finish his work. 35 You know the saying: "There are four months between planting and harvest," but I say, wake up and look around, the fields are ready [f] for harvest. 36 In the reapers are paid good wages, and the fruit they harvest are people who happen to have eternal life. What joy awaits both the sower and the harvesting! 37 You know the saying, "One sows and another reaps", and it is true. 38 I sent you to reap where you did not sow; others had already done the work, and now up to you to lift the harvest.
There is a correspondence between the sow-harvest earthly and spiritual. And God takes care of to pay to the sower both Word and the harvesting souls for the Kingdom.

3. conclusion.

Many Samaritans believe

39 Many Samaritans from the village believed in Jesus because the woman had said, "He told me everything I did in my life!". 40 When you came to see him, they begged him to stay in the village. So Jesus stayed two days, 41 long enough for many more hear his message and believe time. 42 Then they said to the woman, "Now we believe, not just because of what you told us, but because we have heard it in person. Now we know that he really is the Savior of the world. "

The conversion of a people who had been out of Truth by poor teaching of men, reaches salvation when he accepts Jesus as happens today.

Jesus, the Samaritan woman, John 4


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