Translated from Spanish to English with Google translator.
150 YEARS OF PROTESTANTISM in Latin America. BY FABIAN MASSA.
LATIN AMERICAN THEOLOGY, Handout 4.
The book "Faces of Latin American Protestantism, of Miguez Bonino" begins with a definition of "conspiracy" common Protestantism for those closest to Marxist thought elements: "Protestantism is a form of American capitalism, conquistador element, friend of the capitalist and an enemy of worker who has been proposed by their schools, temples and sports Americanization of the People. Therefore, the Latin American Protestantism was established in the "belly" of a foreign invasion and bears the marks of sectarianism and individualism that characterizes it. It was therefore an acculturation that has nothing to do with our origins and historical formation and a byproduct of political, economic and cultural achievements of past centuries ".
The theologian Jean Pierre Bastian proposes and dismisses this conspiratorial definition of Protestantism in Latin America. While it is true that the arrival of Protestantism coincides with the expansion of US imperialist thinking at the end of the Civil War (1860), the missions were small and accompanying economic delegations especially Britain, were those who supported and encouraged the independence of Latin America, obviously in order to keep the monopoly local trade (meat, hides and skins). Bonino said that the weight of Protestantism in the nineteenth century was more an expression of desire and a will appear Protestants that what actually was.
Just after the 1st World War (1914-1918) Protestantism began to have some relevance in Latin America, in those years, the "wild" capitalism US companies were gaining ground throughout Latin America, as happens today (2016 ): Does Barrick Gold does not operate in the province of San Juan - Argentina with a open pit mine, poisoning the water and soil with cyanide? And how can this be possible? For the only option it is for the government of Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner sold his soul, the province of San Juan and the health of the people the Devil (represented by Barrick Gold) allowing all kinds of security breaches, probably for a hefty sum of dollars.
Faced with the "American invasion and Protestantism" Latin America was reacting designing a theology to think of the poor. As the "Common to all the different branches or streams of liberation theology Argentine theologian Juan Carlos Scannone says is that teologiza from the preferential option for the poor and used to think about the social and historical reality of the poor, not only the mediation of philosophy, as always used theology, but also human and social sciences. "
. In 1929 Miller, Pte From the World Student Christian Federation referred in this way to US pressure on Latin America: "The US invasion is linked to the new economic rationality of his country, consisting of a shaped by the industry and the trade production structure: This is the germ of Liberalism "(and market economies, added mine.).
The crisis of '30 was the result of the failure of neo-liberal model, and emerged moved left, the workers' parties. It took 10 years to rebuild the economies, and in 1939 broke the 2nd World War that resulted in the final breakdown of Europe's global leadership and the emergence at the end of two great poles of power, the US by the "Western Bloc and Christian" and on the other the "U.S.S.R. with the Eastern Bloc and Atheist ". the famous "Cold War" between the two, each strengthening its allies to the contrary could not penetrate broke.
The Cold War ended (finished? View Point 2 of Theology Latinoamericana) officially with the fall of the U.S.S.R. in 1991 and with it the resounding failure of the "Left Model" which is never raised again.
In my view, Latin America has never been out of the submission that the author describes, and continues to rely mainly US Rather than be going through similar crises, I think we're in the same situation as always.
After '60 the American pressure became increasingly stronger, holding (and sometimes imposing) dictatorships in Latin America, supporting the neo-liberal governments, which indebted countries in the region for generations with the Fund International Monetary.
In these early years of this century they have prospered populist governments in the region (Kirchner - Argentina, Evo Morales - Bolivia, Correa - Ecuador, Chavez / Maduro - Venezuela, Daniel Ortega - Nicaragua) Dumps an alliance with what US . called the "Axis of Evil": Russia and Iran.
But Latin America remains the same: poor, ignorant, without heavy industries (except Brazil) with ciclotímicas economies, suffering from structural poverty, nor enough hospitals, not enough schools without education, with housing insufficiency; Latin America resembles the 13 poor districts of the film "The Hunger Games" and the US the rich "Capitol".
Bonino denounces a "complicity" between the religious and the dominant sectors ... today it is exactly the same: Churches (Protestant, Catholic, etc ...) that are in the large estates of Argentina, they do not preach against the feudal system, nor against the oppressors the people, because "the rich oppressors" are those that hold large congregations.
From the point of view of theology, my gaze is limited, because only I know the neo-Pentecostalism that permeates and contaminates all the churches of the U.A.D. they are with the "Prosperity Gospel" and "Declare and receive it". As comment on the material Mackay (Theology Latin American Point 3) where they have become idols what Mackay said:
• Theology used not to grow the congregation in the knowledge of God's revelation, but to grow the number of people congregate, clearly looking for an economic benefit by their "pastors".
• The Church as the gathering of the saints, but as a place of activities that have nothing to do with priests prepare your house or form preachers of Truth, but a Social Club, as an end in itself
• Music, as an end in itself: Cults with 2 hours of empty songs and then a sermon with all the Power of 5 minutes.
• Segmentation of Truth, where each denomination speaks of "His Doctrine" and no longer of Bible Doctrine.
If there are spaces where reflection I do not know ... I write articles, I have two websites on the Internet that are read in various countries (although now both publish the same material in Spanish, English and Russian) and this page FACE where I answered the notes.
Published studies, the messages that I give in the Church and where critical writings and denounce what I see is wrong in the light of the Word. But while I read, not a return is generated, congregations are under a scheme of domination of fear: The induced to believe that if they say something is wrong will be thrown into the "Lake of Fire and Brimstone". To reflect necessary to understand, to understand need to study and within the scope of the Church who study are very few.
Obviously we need to study this, how difficult, I think, it is to find the space and an echo in people.
The main problem I see is the lack of fear of God:
to. The leaders of the Church first, when I read the publications that do in social networks, as out of context and twisted the Word to fit their humanist and prosperity message, you can see that lack of fear of God.
b. In the churches, people do not read the Bible ... less study. It missed the message of those first evangelists who Bonino mentioned on page 35: "People who professes confidence in the Bible and cares about the message of salvation that God offers to sinners through the death of Jesus Christ" he has lost the certainty of those first evangelists who claimed that "sincere acceptance of the gospel was the key to virtue during this life and eternal life in Heaven." This message has been replaced by the call to "come get her miracle" when Jesus warned people not to follow for loaves and fishes (John 6.26-27).
The second major problem is apathy understand that people, even one that has a certain interest. I have friends who long to know more of the Word, and sometimes ask me how they can achieve a degree more knowledge. . The answer you know well:
to. The only way is to get to study, to read new materials that expand what is said in Scripture.
b. Encouraged to buy study Bibles in different versions. Encouraged to study at any institute ... when they hear my answer no longer ask me more and still expect the knowledge will come upon by some supernatural means to avoid them the effort. And these are those who are "interested," imagine that no !!
I think this situation subjugation of Latin America and spiritual warmth never will (understand that we are in the End Times) but if it can be improved, at least for those who want to make the change effort. And the change is operated through education, in this I agree with Mackay: "It is necessary to teach theology so that they can grasp the reality of God" and as determined by the Evangelical Congress of Panama in 1916 with its educational Project mission: To train teachers and planting schools.
150 YEARS OF PROTESTANTISM in Latin America. LATIN AMERICAN THEOLOGY, Handout 4.
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