Translated from Spanish to English with Google Translator.

About Isaiah 58 Reina-Valera 1960 (RVR1960).

58.1 God commands his prophet to shout out his rebellion and his sin to Israel, who believed himself to be unblemished [2] and holy.
58.2 Israel persisted in their religiosity, in their daily rituals, in an appearance of piety that God rejects and says, "People who seem to seek Him every day and want to know my ways, as people who have done justice, and who would not have left the law of their God; they ask me for just judgments, and they want to approach God. " They went to every service of the Temple, ritually practiced the ceremonies, but without a change in their life:
11 "What good are your sacrifices for me?
    Says the Lord.
I am full of holocausts of rams
    and fat from fattened animals;
the blood of bulls, lambs and goats
    I'm not pleased.
12 Why do they come to appear before me?
    Who told them to bring animals
    to trample my courts?
13 Do not keep bringing empty offerings;
    incense is an abomination to me.
New moon, Sabbath, convoked assemblies;
    I can not bear to be offended by their worship!
14 I hate his new moons and feasts;
    I have become a burden
    which I am tired of enduring.
15 When they lift up their hands,
    I have turned my eyes from you;
although they multiply their prayers,
    I will not listen to them,
    for their hands are full of blood.
16 Wash, cleanse!
    Let your evil deeds depart from my sight!
Stop doing evil!
17 Learn to do good!
Seek justice and rebuke the oppressor!
    Advocate for the orphan and defend the widow! Isaiah 1.11-17 NIV [3].

Just as it was not useful to go to the Temple to make sacrifices with a life stained with sin and without repentance, it is not useful today to go to the Church without understanding that it is necessary to let the Old Man die and be born again.

58.3 According to Jamieson, Fausset & Brown, chapter 58 of Isaiah is addressed to the Jews of the Dispersion in Babylon, where it no longer had any possibility of making bloody sacrifices (they were exiled and the Jerusalem Temple had been destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BC ) and the manifestation of their worship were to maintain the rituals, the fasts and the Sabbath in the Synagogue [4].

58.4-5 The religious fasted, hoping to "move the Will of God" in their behalf, by deeds, mortifying their bodies "5 Is such a fast that I have chosen, that by day man afflicts his soul, incline his head like a reed and make a bed of sackcloth and ashes? Will you call this a fast, a pleasant day for the LORD? "The religious fasted but sought their own benefit: 3 Behold, on the day of your fast you seek your own taste, and oppress all your workers. Today, 2750 years later, many still think they will "twist the will of God" to mortify themselves in pursuit of things that are for their own benefit, such as a good Caribbean vacation, a 4x4 van or just let others see and say "How spiritual!" Before, like today's religious, they demand a Justice of God, for their external rituals, while they continue with their worldly life, adhering to the Letter of the Law without understanding its meaning.

58.6-7 God expects an inner change, that we truly do justice by putting the Word to work, being compassionate and merciful, treating our neighbor ethically and morally, justly. 6 Is it not rather the fast that I have chosen, to untie the bands of wickedness, to release the burdens of oppression, to let the brokenhearted go free, and to break every yoke? 7 Is it not that you partake of your bread with the hungry, and the poor wandering lodges in the house; that when you see the naked, cover it, and do not hide from your brother?

58,8-9-10 and 11 Then the Lord will be our vanguard and our rear, as in the days of Exodus was a pillar of cloud and fire for Israel.

The observance of the Sabbath
13 If thou shalt withdraw thy foot from the day of rest, to do thy will in my holy day, and call it holy, holy, and glorious delight of the LORD; and worship him, not walking in your own ways, neither seeking your will, nor speaking your own words,
14 then you will delight yourself in the Lord; and I will bring thee up upon the high places of the earth, and I will give thee to eat the inheritance of Jacob thy father; for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.

58.13-14 Sabbath, not only refers to the 6th Day, the Sabbath, but also to all the days marked in the religious calendar as "Feast". The Sabbath is much more than doing nothing (leisure) which was good for animals and slaves, for the true Jew, it involved a day to delight in the Lord, in his sayings. If you withdraw your foot from the Sabbath, it refers to the prohibition of walking beyond the Temple or Synagogue, to take advantage of the Sabbath to make excursions or Mini-tourism of "Long Weekend." The Sabbath is holy, that is, set apart for the Lord. "If you call it delight, holy, glorious and worship it" instead of considering it a burden and a source of boredom. How many hours in the week do you set aside to study His Word? Many say they do not have time, but they spend it in FACE, watching TV series, or doing anything else and on Sunday they go to church and cry to seas while they sing: "For a moment in your Presence everything would give, it would not matter" HYPOCRITES !!

Not by walking in your own ways (Strong # 1870), neither seeking your will, nor speaking your own words (Strong # 1697) That is, not walking in the way of living itself (Strong Road # 1870) or talking about things of every day, like work, FACE, the novel of the moment or some juicy gossip, but trying to understand what God says to do it.

How many today take the things of God in a wrong way, how many believe that by their works they deserve something and therefore can "Claim" the Father to activate the Kingdom of Heaven on their behalf, granting him the things "spiritual" they deserve for not having eaten anything in two days (as if that had some value!). They demand of God (as if the Lord were a subordinate of them) a new car, a vacation in Disney or any other material matter. NEEDS !!

How many today are fasting to break a financial economic situation, without considering whether they should not better start with an internal change and stop exploiting their neighbor or having an informal economy without taxing whitening?

How many of those who today fast for economic well-being have asked for wisdom and willingness to train and be better workers instead of living at the expense of voucher allowances?

True fasting, which pleases God, is not of food and drink, but of ceasing to do wickedness and crooked things. The real Sabbath is when we stop to stop looking for our own and try to see what God says.

Week 70 is about to begin. Study the Scripture and leave the ignorance of the Word, stop doing evil and religiousness. Do not stay outside.



[1] Exegetical Commentary to A.T. by Jamieson, Fausset & Brown, page 644. Editorial Mundo Hispano.
[2] Impoluto comes from the Latin "Impollutus", is an adjective that means clean, without stain.

[4] Jamieson, Fausset & Brown, page 644.

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