+ Study. Dispensations. Part III. By Fabian Massa.

Translated from Spanish into Russian with Google translator.

The Dispensation of Law.

The dispensation of the law begins in Exodus 19: 3 and extends throughout the period until the day of Pentecost in Acts 2, although the law ended in a sense on the cross. The Mosaic law was aimed only at Israel, as the Gentiles were excluded from it.

The law can be perceived clearly contained three main divisions:
1. commandments. It expresses the will of God.
2. Statutes. Social and civil life of Israel.
3. The ordinances. The religious life of Israel.

1. The Ten Commandments

 The Decalogue was given personally by God (Exodus 20.1 - 26):
  1. Only believe in Him. Have no other gods before me. Ex. 20.33
  2. You shall not make pictures, nor serve them.
  3. Do not take His name in vain, Ex. 20.7, cf. Lev. 19.12
  4. God commands save a day for him. And also obligation to give a day off to the entire house, (people and animals). Ex. 20.8-11, cf. Lev. 19.3B
  5. Honoring parents. Ex. 20.12, cf. Lev. 19.3A
  6. Not murder, which generally translates "Thou shalt not kill [1]" Ex. 20.13
  7. Do not commit adultery. Ex. 20.14
  8. Do not steal / steal. Ex. 20:15, cf. Lev. 19.11
  9. Do not bear false witness. Ex 20.16
  10. Coveting / envy the things of others.

2. The Statute

The statutes governing the social life of Israel, namely:
  1. Laws slaves, Ex. 21.1-11 (Dt. 15.12-18)
  2. Laws on violence, Ex. 21.19-25
  3. Laws regulating masters and owners.
  4. Restitution laws, Ex. 22.1-15
  5. Humanitarian law, Ex. 22.16-31
  6. Laws, Ex 23.1-13
  7. Law of the three annual feasts, Ex. 23.14-19
  8. Various laws concerning the treatment of persons, Lev. 19

3. Ordinances

  1. Governing ritual purity - religious life.
  2. Clean and unclean animals, Lev.11; Deut. 14.3-21
  3. Purification of women after childbirth, Lev.12
  4. Leprosy laws. Lev. 13
  5. Leprosy walls, Lev. 14
  6. Physical impurities
  7. Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) Lev. 16
  8. Only sanctuary Lev. 17.1-9
  9. Prohibition against eating blood, Lev. 17.10-16
  10. Prohibited acts of immorality, Lev. 18
  11. Holiness laws and justice, Lev. 19
  12. Holiness of priests, Lev. 21
  13. Holiness of the offerings, Lev. 22
  14. Feasts, Lev. 23Reglamentaciones on the liturgy in the Tabernacle, Lev. 24
  15. Year Sabbath (7th) and Jubilee (50th)

Chafer said: "The sacrificial system and the priesthood that was included was both legal and grace. The government in this dispensation was a theocracy, a government by God through His prophets, priests and (later) kings. The Mosaic covenant was also temporary, in effect only until Christ came. The nature of the dispensation was conditional, that is, the blessing was conditional on obedience. For the first time in the history of Scripture revealed a complete, detailed religious system under the law, he provided the way for cleansing and forgiveness, worship, and prayer, and offered a future hope. Under the law there was constant failure. This is evident especially in the period of the judges, but continued even after the death of Solomon and the division of the kingdom of Israel into two kingdoms. There were periods when the law was completely forgotten and ignored and idolatry reigned supreme. The New Testament continues the record of failures, culminating in the rejection and crucifixion of Christ, who in his life kept the law in perfect shape. "

Under the law, he was given the grace of God in the sacrificial system, which was provided as a way of restoring and patiently God manifested in the provision of prophets, judges and kings and the preservation of the nation. Repeatedly Israel's repentance was accepted by God, and through this period was written the Old Testament. In a sense the dispensation of law ended at the cross.

Ro. 10: 4 4 For the purpose of the law is Christ for righteousness to everyone who believes.

I could not sanctify or perfect.

I have. 7: 18-19 18 It is therefore abrogated the former commandment because of its weakness and uselessness 19 (for the law made nothing perfect), and the introduction of a better hope by which we draw near to God.

It was limited in its effectiveness and duration.

Ga. 3:19 19 Then, what is the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained through angels by a mediator.

I could not regenerate.

Ga. 3: 21-22 21¿Luego the law is contrary to the promises of God? In any way; For if a law given that could impart life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. 22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to the believers.

And he could only make manifest sin.

Ro. 8: 3 3 For what was impossible for the law, because it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh;
The law made it possible for God to demonstrate that they were all guilty and that every mouth shut.
Ro. 3:19 19 But we know that whatever the law says, it says to those who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped and all the world may become guilty before God;

And he made clear the need for Christ.

Ga.3: 21-27 21¿Luego the law is contrary to the promises of God? In any way; For if a law given that could impart life, then righteousness would indeed be by the law. 22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to the believers. 23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, locked up until faith it should be revealed. 24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, so that we might be justified by faith. 25 But faith has come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster, 26 are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus; 27 For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.

4. Conclusion

The Work of Christ took away all sense of the Jewish religion, assuming clinched the "Dispensation of the Law"
  1. The sacrificial system was flawed because it did not remove sin's power over man, because this was to be sacrificed for the mistakes again and again. The perfect sacrifice of the Lamb of God (once and forever) made everything else becomes unnecessary and useless sacrifice. (Hebrews 10.1)
  2. The Priesthood after the Order of Aaron had no reason to exist without the sacrifices.
  3. The Priesthood of Aaron was flawed, because the high priest committed sins (hence should first sacrifice of atonement for himself (Lev. 16.6). But Jesus as High Priest was sinless (Hebrews 4:15)
  4. The Temple had no reason to exist without priests nor sacrifices without the Shekinah Glory Tabernacle was now in the heart of every believer.
  5. The ritual of sanctification, purification and fasting washings were no longer relevant because now holiness and righteousness by faith in the work of Christ is reached.
  6. The Service of the Levites no sense either, and even less after the destruction of the Temple in '70 by General. Tito.
  7. The "nonsense" of the Temple and everything in it (sacrifices and liturgies) was practiced, also he cleared the way to the service of the Levites, and the priesthood.
  8. If the service and function of the Levites have no reason to be, they not make more sense tithing, that the Law had been instituted in order to support them financially, as for serving the Temple could not work or had possession Among the tribes of Israel (Numbers 18.23, 24). In the NT the church has a responsibility to support the church with their gifts (1 Co. 16.2).
  9. With Christ there was a change of law. Hebrews 7.11
  10. With Christ there was a change of tribe (Judah Levi). Hebrews 7.12
  11. With Christ there was a change of priesthood, according to the order of Melchizedek instead of Aaron. Hebrews 7.15
  12. Christ brings a change of mind, a true spiritual revolution, ushering in the dispensation of grace, that we will see in the next post.

[1] Dictionary Strong's # 7523/4 רצח, ratsák = murder.

Expiration of the Law Dispensation of Law


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